Congratulations on considering to adopt a new cat or kitten! Bringing a newly adopted cat into your home is very exciting, but it can also be stressful. Below are important suggestions to get you off to a good start with your new kitty whether you have a multi- or single-cat household.

Adopting a cat or kitten

Before Introducing Your New Cat or Kitten

The “3 P’s” (Patience, Planning, and Preparation) are critical to the success of introducing a new cat. Sadly, approximately 50% of newly adopted cats are surrendered because of lack of planning or realizing the commitment of adopting a cat. By taking the following steps you can greatly improve the success of this adoption and bond with your new cat:


Patience is critically important when you bring your new cat home. It is necessary when you choose your new kitten or cat, and when you introduce your new cat to other pets and family members. Both take time, and taking the time can make all the difference in having a successful integration into your home.


Planning should start before bringing home your new feline friend. The goal is to ensure your new cat/kitten, as well as any existing cats, have their needs met.


Part of the planning process is making sure you have all the supplies you’ll need for your new furry friend. Basic supplies include the following:

  • Food bowl
  • Water bowl or dish
  • High quality kitten or cat food
  • Scratching post and/or scratching pad
  • Litterbox
  • Cat bed
  • Nail trimmer
  • Toys
  • Breakaway collar and identification tag
  • Scoopable litter
  • Cat carrier

Create a Safe Place

Cats are territorial, so if you already have a cat, the space in your home is the territory of your existing cat. That means that she will want to protect it from any new cats. Therefore, it is important in the beginning to create a safe space for each cat in your household. Drawing a simple floor plan of your home can help you identify how to best create separate spaces for each of your cats.

Choose an area for your new cat where you are willing to keep perches, cat beds, litter boxes, food/water, and other resources on a long-term basis in case your cats don’t like each other. Each cat needs safe places to rest, hide, perch, eat and drink, and to toilet.

You should plan to confine your newly adopted cat to a room or separate floor that is not the favorite area of any existing cats. It is preferable if this space has a door to prevent visual access to each other. Remember that as with people, cats choose their own friends, or social groups. Even if we mean well, we must understand that our cats may not like the company of another cat.

Scratching is normal behavior and cats also need scratching posts either separate or combined with a cat tree.


  • Cats are very sensitive to smells, especially unfamiliar smells. They mark their territory with their scent to make it feel safe through cheek rubbing, scratching, and occasionally spraying. Consider using pheromone diffusers in your home to help prevent unwanted spraying, and to keep your cats more comfortable in the environment. Ask your veterinarian where to purchase a diffuser.
  • Last, but absolutely not least, take your new cat to the veterinarian before bringing them into your home.
    • Also make sure any existing cats are updated on their veterinary care. An apparently healthy cat that is adopted can still introduce illnesses to your existing cats!
    • If an existing cat is already mildly ill, your new cat may cause stress that will exacerbate the illness.
    • If you do not have a veterinarian, you can search for an AAFP Member, Cat Friendly Veterinary Professional, or Cat Friendly Practice® in your area. Cat Friendly Practices have made changes to decrease stress and provide a more calming environment for cats. Their staff have also been trained in feline-friendly handling and understanding cat behavior in order to increase the quality of care for your cat.

You’re Ready to Adopt!

Take the introduction process slowly. If you don’t rush the introduction period, there is a great chance of your cats either liking each other or at least “time-sharing,” (moving around the entire home comfortably even if they don’t love each other).

What does cat “love” look like exactly? Grooming one another, sleeping in close contact, and any other physical contact.

If you have any specific questions regarding adoption, please contact your veterinarian.

1. Shore ER. Returning a recently adopted companion animal: adopters’ reasons for and reactions to the failed adoption experience. J Applied Anim Welfare Sci. 2005;8:187–198.